“ Subhash Palekar ”
Subhash Palekar was born in the year 1949 in a small village " Belora " of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra in India.
Palekar was educated in Bachelors' degree in Agriculture at Nagpur. During college education, he was working with tribals about-their problems in Satpuda Tribal region.
In the year 1972, he joined his ancient agriculture with his father.
His father was a natural farmer. But after learning chemical farming in the college, he started inorganic or chemical farming in his own farm.
While practicing this from the year 1972- 1990, Palekar was writing articles in media also. He was attracted to the philosophy ( Indian ancient thinking) of the Vedas, Upanishads and all ancient scriptures.
Palekar's spiritual background was inspired by great Saints Jnaneshwar, Tukaram and Kabir. He was seeking for the absolute truth. Meanwhile, he studied the philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi and Karl Marx and did a comparative study.
Palekar found that Karl Marx's thinking was not in any way nearer to the truth. He found that Gandhiji's philosophy is very much closer to truth and nature. When he heard that, in Russia, during Communist movement, thousands of farmers were killed, then, he came to the conclusion that, there is no alternative to Gandhiji's philosophy, which was based on the truth and non-violence.
Great Indian personalities like Shivaji, Jyotiba Phule, Vivekananda and Tagore had built up his thinking infrastructure towards absolute natural truth and non-violence ( Satya and Ahimsa ).
During the years 1972-1985, while he was practicing the chemical farming, his agricultural production was continuously increasing. But, after the year 1985, it started declining. He was surprised that, if he is following the given technoloqy of chemical farming i.e., Green revolution in-to-to, then why was the production decreasing ?
After searching the causes for three years, he came to the conclusion that, Agricultural Science is based on many false assumptions. Something is wrong with the very basic concept of Green revolution. Then he started searching for alternate technologies to chemical farming.
During Palekar's college life, when he was working in tribal areas, he studied their life style and social structure. He studied the natural tree systems in the forests.
Palekar was surprised to see that, in the forest, there is not much human existence and absolutely no human interference in the tree culture. Yet, there is enormous production in the fruit-bearing trees like Mango, Ber, Tamarind, Jamulum, Custard apple and other trees like Neem, Moha every year, even during severe famine years.
Then he started the research on the natural growth of those forest trees. During the years 1986-1988 he studied deeply the forest vegetation. He found that, there is a self developing, self nourishing and totally self reliant natural system in the forest, by which all the Vegetation and ecosytem has flourished without human support.
Palekarji adopted those natural systems and verified those natural processes of the forest in his farm for six years, during the years 1989 to 1995. There were about 154 research projects during these six years of research work.
After six years of such thoroughly verified research work, he discovered the package of natural techniques and called it as " Zero Budget Natural Farming ".
Now, he is teaching the same extensively, to all the farmers throughout India by means of continuous workshops, seminars, his publications in Marathi, Hindi, Kannada, Telugu, Tamil and English, languages and by those of thousands of models farms established throughout India.
Since the years 1996-1998, he was involved in an editorial team in " Bali Raja " a renowned Marathi Agricultural Magazine in Pune, Maharashtra. And, for enhancing the speed of the MOVEMENT, he resigned for his assignment in the year 1998.
Palekarji wrote twenty books in Marathi, four books English, three books in Hindi.
All the books in Marathi are to be translated in all Indian languages. Now, his MOVEMENT has attracted the attention of media, politicians and thinkers towards the real problems of the farmers and rural economy.
Now, everyone joyously understands that there is an alternative for stopping the suicides of farmers by opting to " Zero Budget Natural Farming ". Further, it is understood that the only way available to offer poison-free, organic food to the humanity is through Zero Budget of Natural Farming.
More than three million farmers throughout India are practicing Zero Budget Natural Farming in various states .. Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bengal, Rajasthan, Gujarat etc.